Acaulimalva Notes

Acaulimalva acaulis (Dombey ex Cav.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva alismatifolia (K. Schum. & Hier.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva betonicifolia (A.W.Hill) Krapov.
Acaulimalva crenata (A.W.Hill.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva dryadifolia (Solms) Krapov.
Acaulimalva engleriana (Ulbr.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva glandulifera Krapov.
Acaulimalva hillii Krapov.
Acaulimalva nubigena (Walp.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva oriastrum (Wedd.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva parnassiifolia (Hook.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva purdiaei (A.Gray) Krapov.
Acaulimalva purpurea (A.W.Hill) Krapov.
Acaulimalva rauhii (Hochr.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva rhizantha (A.Gray) Krapov.
Acaulimalva richii (A.Gray) Krapov.
Acaulimalva steinbachii Krapov.
Acaulimalva stuebelii (Hieron.) Krapov.
Acaulimalva sulphurea Krapov.
Acaulimalva weberbaueri (Ulbr.) Krapov.

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Introduction

Acaulimalva is a genus of 19 species of a acaulescent perennuial herbs with a woody rootstock. They are found at high altitudes in the Andes, from Venezuela and Colombia to Bolivia and northwest Argentina, with the greatest diversity in Peru.

Classification

The genus belongs to subtribe Malvinae of tribe Malveae of subfamily Malvoideae of the angiosperm family Malvaceae. It was segregated from Malvastrum by Krapovickas in 1974 [a].

Acaulimalva acaulis (Dombey ex Cav.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva acaulis is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 3700 to 4100m, in the Pacific coast Regions of Ancash and Lima [1]. A report of its presence in Venezuela [2] may refer to var. granatensis, which is Acaulimalva purdiaei.

Synonyms of Acaulimalva acaulis include Malva acaulis Dombey ex Cav., Malvastrum acaule var. granatense (Wedd.) Baker f. and Malvastrum acaule Dombey (A.Gray).

Acaulimalva alismatifolia (K. Schum. & Hier.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva alismatifolia is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) and mesoandean habitats, at altitudes of 2700 to 3700m, in the Region of Cajamarca [1]

Malvastrum alismatifolium K.Schum. & Hieronymus is a synonym of Acaulimalva alismatifolia.

Acaulimalva betonicifolia (A.W. Hill) Krapov.

Acaulimalva betonicifolia is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 3700 to 4260m, in the Regions of Ayacucho, Huancavelica and Junín. [1]

Synonyms of Acaulimalva betonicifolia include Malvastrum betonicifolium A.W.Hill and Malvastrum purdiaei var. huantense Baker f..

Acaulimalva crenata (A.W. Hill) Krapov.

Acaulimalva crenata is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna and paramo (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 3690 to 4600m, in the Regions of Ancash, Cajamarca, Huancavelica, Junín, La Libertad and Pasco. [1]

Malvastrum crenatum A.W.Hill is a synonym of Acaulimalva crenata.

Acaulimalva dryadifolia (Solms) Krapov.

Acaulimalva dryadifolia is found in Bolivia.

Synonyms of Acaulimalva dryadifolia include Malvastrum dryadifolium Solms-Laubach and Malvastrum hauthalii Ulbr..

Acaulimalva engleriana (Ulbr.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva engleriana is found in Boliva and Peru.

Synonyms of Acaulimalva engleriana include Malvastrum bakerianum var. strigosum A.W.Hill, Malvastrum bakerianum A.W.Hill, Malvastrum bakerianum f. hirsutissimum R.E.Fr. and Malvastrum englerianum Ulbr..

Acaulimalva glandulifera Krapov.

Acaulimalva glandulifera is endemic to Peru.

There are no known synonyms of Acaulimalva glanduligera.

Acaulimalva hillii Krapov.

Acaulimalva hillii is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) and mesoandean habitats, at altitudes of 3300 to 4500m, in the Region of Junín. [1]

Acaulimalva nubigena (K. Schum. & Hier.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva nubigena is the sole Argentinian species. It is found in the provinces of Catamarca, Jujuy, Salta and Tucuman, and also in Bolivia.

Acaulimalva nubigena lacks an involucel.[3]

Synonyms of Acaulimalva nubigena include Malva nubigena Walp., Malva parnassiifolia var. lobulata Wedd., Malvastrum buchtienii Pax, Malvastrum fiebrigii Ulbr., Malvastrum lobulatum Wedd. ex Mandon, Malvastrum nubigenum var. bipinnatifidum R.E.Fr., Malvastrum nubigenum (Walp.) Baker f., Malvastrum parnassiaefolium var. lobulatum (Wedd.) Baker f., Malvastrum tuberculatum A.W.Hill, Malveopsis acaulis var. boliviensis Kuntze, Nototriche incisa Turcz., Sida nubigena Walp. and Sida parnassiaefolia var. lobulata (Wedd.) Griseb..

Acaulimalva oriastrum (Wedd.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva oriastrum is found in Bolivia.

Acaulimalva oriastrum lacks an involucel. [3]

Synonyms of Acaulimalva oriastrum include Malva oriastrum Wedd. and Malvastrum oriastrum (Wedd.) Baker f..

Acaulimalva parnassiifolia (Hook.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva parnassiifolia is the sole species recorded from Equador.It is also found in Peru.

Synonyms of Acaulimalva parnassiifolia include Malvastrum parnassiifolium (Hooker) A.Gray, Malveopsis parnassiaefolia Kuntze and Sida parnassiifolia Hook..

Acaulimalva purdiaei (A. Gray.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva purdiaei is found in Colombia [4] and Venezuela [2].

Synonyms of Acaulimalva purdiaei include Malvastrum meridae A.W.Hill and Malvastrum purdiaei A.Gray.

Acaulimalva purpurea (A.W. Hill.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva purpurea is found in Venezuela [2].

Synonyms of Acaulimalva purpurea include Malva acaulis var. granatensis Wedd., Malva purdiaei Wedd. and Malvastrum purpureum A.W.Hill.

Acaulimalva rauhii (Hochr.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva rauhii is found in the Regions of Junin and La Libertad of Peru [a fide 5]

Malvastrum rauhii Hochr. is a synonym of Acaulimalva rauhii.

Acaulimalva rhizantha (A. Gray.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva rhizantha is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) and mesoandean habitats, at altitudes of 3000 to 4200m, in the Regions of Ancash, Arequipa, Cusco, Huancavelica, Lima and Pasco. [1]

Synonyms of Acaulimalva rhizantha include Malva rhizantha Wedd. and Malvastrum rhizanthum A.Gray.

Acaulimalva richii (A. Gray.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva richii is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) and altoandean habitats, at altitudes of 3800 to 4400m, in the Regions of Ancash, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Junín. Lima and Pasco. [1]

Synonyms of Acaulimalva richii include Malva richii Wedd. and Malvastrum richii A.Gray.

Acaulimalva steinbachii Krapov.

Acaulimalva steinbachii is endemic to Bolivia [6].

There are no known synonyms of Acaulimalva steinbachii.

Acaulimalva stuebelii (Hieron.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva stuebelii is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within paramo (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 3050 to 2600m, in the Region of Cajamarca. [1]

Malvastrum stuebellii Hieron. is a synonym of Acaulimalva stuebelii.

Acaulimalva sulphurea Krapov.

Acaulimalva sulphurea is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna and paramo (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 2800 to 4020m, in the Regions of Ancash, Cajamarca and La Libertad. [1] It has yellow flowers.

There are no known synonyms of Acaulimalva sulphurea.

Acaulimalva weberbaueri (Ulbr.) Krapov.

Acaulimalva weberbaueri is endemic to Peru, where it is recorded within puna (montane grassland) habitats, at altitudes of 3500 to 4300m, in the Region of Ancash. [1]

Malvastrum weberbaueri Ulbr. is a synonym of Acaulimalva weberbaueri.

Images

References

  1. Chanco et al, El libro rojo de las plantas endémicas del Perú, Rev. Peru Biol. 13(2): 175s-177s, 413s-425s, 926s-965s (2006)
  2. Briceño & Morillo, Catálogo abreviado de las plantas con flores de los páramos de Venezuela. Parte I. Dicotiledóneas, Acta Bot. Venez. 25(1): 1-46 (2002)
  3. Weddell, Chloris Andina 2: 272-282 (1857)
  4. A.W. Hill, The Acaulescent Species of Malvastrum, A. Gray, J. Linn. Soc. 39(3): 216-230 (1909)
  5. Tropicos
  6. Bolivia Checklist at Efloras
  7. Kubitzki & Bayer, Malvaceae, in Kubitzki & Bayer, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Plants V: (2003)

Bibliography

  1. Krapovickas, Acaulimalva, nuevo genero de Malvaceas, Darwiniana 19: 9-39 (1974)

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© 2007, 2009, 2011 Stewart Robert Hinsley